Funny thing about fitness: Not everyone’s goals are the same.
It runs the gamut: Weight loss, getting that beach body, improving strength, boosting endurance. Some folks are training for a competition of some sort, be it in physique sports or some sort of race.
In January, I wrote a couple of posts about strength training. In those posts, there was one prediction (if you do this, you will get stronger) and one assumption, and it was a biggie: that you will be able to commit to lifting six days a week for 45-60 minutes.
I think it’s a doable proposition. But for some people, it’s not. Whether you’re time-crunched or you have other fitness goals that make such a schedule impossible to keep, some folks can’t hit the iron that often. But that doesn’t mean you should chuck the idea of strength training entirely. You just must change things up and properly scale your expectations.
Every fall for the past eight years, I’ve trained for longer-distance goal races ranging from half marathon to full marathon length. As training plans for these races progressed, the mileage and time commitment grew. There was no way I could do a heavy deadlift day right before embarking on a 13-mile training run. Even shorter runs (in the 5- to 8-mile range) were incompatible with the rigors of an intensive weight training schedule. So I made a compromise: During race training, I jacked up the miles and eased back on the weights.
I still wanted to focus on the big lifts and compound movements, though. But during race training, running was first priority.
What I came up with was a plan to lift three times a week, using a total body format. So, that meant that each workout used the same movement patterns I described in the first week’s Friday Fitness post: Squat, press, pull and hip hinge. Furthermore, each day started with one of the bigger lifts being the emphasized exercise of that workout, with other lifts coming behind it in priority and difficulty. Here’s what that looked like:
Monday (squat emphasized)
Barbell back squat: Warmup, then sets of 10, 7 and 5, increasing weight
Incline dumbbell presses (3 sets of 8)
Lunges (3 sets of 8)
Pull-ups (3 sets of 6-12, depending on ability)
Wednesday (press emphasized)
Bench press: Warmup, then sets of 10, 7 and 5, increasing weight
Goblet squat (3 sets of 12)
Kettlebell swings (3 sets of 12)
Barbell rows (3 sets of 8)
Friday (hip hinge emphasized)
Deadlift (warmup, then sets of 8, 6 and 4, increasing weight)
Overhead press (3 sets of 8-10)
Chin-ups (3 sets of 8-12)
Leg press (3 sets of 12)
You’ll notice that each workout has some sort of pulling movement (pull-ups, chin-ups or rows), and that’s by design. And you can always adjust the exercises you do depending on your preferences or limitations (machine lat-pulls can sub in for pull-ups or chin-ups, for example). But the lift portion of your workout should be no more than 40 minutes long. That way you’ll have time to do your run, ride, swim or other endurance session without having to cut it short.
How did that look for me? The last three years, I’ve used this plan alongside half marathon training workouts. Days where I had longer runs, I didn’t lift. And I didn’t lift on planned rest days. My schedule looked something like this:
Half marathon training workout schedule
Sunday: Cross train (bike for 30-60 minutes)
Monday: Lift, 5-mile run
Tuesday: 8-mile run
Wednesday: Lift, speed workout run
Friday: Lift, 5-mile run
Saturday: 12-mile run
Obviously, this will look different for each person. You may not want to run that much, or you need to run more. Tailor it to your own needs.
But if you’re an endurance athlete, you should do some form of strength training, and this is a good blueprint to get it in a way that dovetails nicely in your endurance training.
And what if you’re not an endurance athlete, you’re pressed for time, and three workouts a week is all you can get? The lifting schedule still holds. If you can give it 2 hours a week spread out over three days, you can work on your strength needs on this plan. Tack on 20 minutes of some sort of conditioning (check out the interval training ideas I had two weeks ago), and you’re spending 3 hours a week getting the strength and conditioning you need.
Last thing: While this sort of plan can be beneficial, you’ll want to manage your expectations. Three workouts a week is not going to get you looking like Mr. Universe or The World’s Fittest Woman. Your strength gains will be in proportion to the work you put in. And you’ll want to make sure your caloric intake matches the amount of work you’re doing (too little and you’ll break down; too much and you’ll gain fat). But if you can give yourself 3 hours a week spread out over three days; you’ll be far better off than skipping it altogether with the thought that you don’t have time to exercise.
Next week: We’ll look at the things that can undermine your fitness goals, and ways you can fix that.